Some of the security factors to be considered for cloud adoption includes
- Protection of intellectual property:
A McAfee analysis found that 21% of the files uploaded to file sharing services contained sensitive data related to intellectual property. There is a considerable risk associated with BYOC in which the organisations don’t know what information and intellectual properties are exposed. Certain services of the cloud providers and the third parties can pose a risk if the terms and conditions are not framed properly which allows them legal immunity to get rights over your intellectual property.
- Compliance adherence:
Companies should operate under the mandate or regulatory controls of their information. Enforcement of HIPAA, FERPA and other regulations enable the companies to know where are their data located, who have access to the data and how security measures and configuration set-ups are being employed to protect it. With BYOC, there are greater chances of violations of these regulations, putting the organisation in jeopardy and a state of non-compliance
- Role based access control
Companies must have proper control over end user access and actions. Without creating a control framework for the users may lead to theft, breaches and infringements on the company’s data. For example; a worker resigning from the company may download vital data or clients and customers, upload the data onto a storage service of the cloud and use that information when employed by the competitor. So, a role-based access control must be in place limiting the user access.
- Contractual agreements with business partners
In the contractual agreement with business partners, the clause of migration of vital data or other such additional actions required to move to cloud must be enlisted. This would stop chances of conflict and provide a better visibility to the partners of the way data and other services are being secured. It would also help stop any third-party violations.
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- Encryption of systems and data
Encryption is must for preventing breaches in your cloud infrastructure. You should ensure that your cloud vendor uses FIPS 140-2 level certified security model of the hardware. This level 4 certification allows higher protection against infringement. Ensure that you have end to end and on-transit encryption for your data and devices. Restrict access to the encryption keys with a role-based access.
- Sovereignty of data
According to Tech Target “Verifying that data exists only at allowed locations can be difficult. It requires the cloud customer to trust that their cloud provider is completely honest and open about where their servers are hosted and adhere strictly to several level agreements (SLAs). Ensure that is complying with the regulations for data sovereignty through proper geofencing of workloads running in assigned servers.