Key performance indicators for your cloud migration

Migrating to the cloud can be considered successful only when you have measured it against key performance indicators. These baseline indicators help determine the gap between the desired state of your infrastructure on the cloud that can guarantee apt returns and the actual state. Setting the right KPIs help in measuring the stages of execution of any cloud migration project or also helps you identify the blockers arising in execution and how to mitigate them. These KPIs provide visibility into the health of your cloud infrastructure. Proper KPI setting and proper testing are the two most important things that go into determining your efficiency on the cloud.  

Let’s discuss the major cloud KPIs  

Pre-Migration KPIs 

  • On-Premise Costs 

The on-premise costs generally involve calculating the cost of data centers ( servers, rack infrastructure, storage, networks, power, staff, etc.), hardware and software, the cost of operation, and the cost of maintenance. It is of utmost importance to calculate all these costs to visualize the returns or advantages of migrating to the cloud.  

During Migration 

  • Duration of the project 

As with the project’s duration, your capital expenditure on the project is tied up along with employee efforts; it is very much required to devise the optimal time for migration to the cloud. This can be done after assessing your infrastructure that needs to be migrated to the cloud and the time required for all activities like goal planning, prioritizing components for migration, mapping dependencies, risks, etc. You need to create a detailed checklist of all the activities and the time for each activity required for migration and determine the duration of the project based on that. This KPI can be set with the collaboration of the project managers, CTOs, CIOs, Migration specialists, developers, and your Cloud Service provider ( CSP). You need to decide the time required for each migration phase, including the project supervision, testing, and other requirements.  

  • Disruption of business-critical applications 

While migration, you need to ensure that production and the workflows don’t face data and device access challenges. So, proper planning must be done to ensure that business-critical applications are available all the time before, during, and after migration. So, you may be required to create an architecture that uniquely combines on-premise and cloud to deliver seamless access to critical data, workloads and ensure minimum disruption during migration. The level and the amount of disruption can be measured by  

  • Calculating how many of your business-critical applications and systems are continually being used in the workflow during migration  
  • The number of service requests being attended to, returned and generated.  
  • Uptime percentage and the length of downtime during migration  

Cost of Migration  

There are many costs involved in migration which include  

  • The cost of migrating the applications and systems from their existing location to the cloud  
  • Refactoring changes which may include code and configuration changes  
  • Cost of undertaking dependency mapping  
  • Cost of re-architecting systems and applications to deliver them cloud-native  
  • Project management costs, staff costs, and others  

We need to optimize migration costs so that migration doesn’t become a loss affair.  

Post Migration KPIs 

Post Migration KPIs include infrastructure KPIs, which involve  

  • Infrastructural usage  

It involves the operation costs measured in terms of  

  • CPU utilization percentage  
  • Memory usage  
  • Network latency  
  • Load balancing and more  
  • Device and application performance  

It is generally measured in terms of  

  • Error rates  
  • Response Time  
  • Availability and Throughput  
  • Downtime  

Cloud operations cost 

This includes all the costs of running your systems and components on the cloud  

It includes  

  • Cloud bill generated monthly  
  • Cost of cloud maintenance staff  
  • Cost of third-party tools and services  
  • Power Costs and more  
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